DEFINITION OF CAPITAL INVESTMENT. In this article, we will walk you through, DEFINITION OF CAPITAL INVESTMENT, ways capital investment operates, important considerations and demerits of capital investment.

This can be defined as acquiring of physical assets by a company for use in promoting its long-term business aim and purpose.

Assets that are purchased as capital investments include: Real estate, manufacturing plants and machinery. Sources of the funds used may be from traditional bank loans to proceed capital deals.


  • The spending of money to fund a company’s long-term development is known as capital investment
  • The term “capital investment” regularly refers to a company’s acquiring of government fixed assets such as real estate and equipment
  • Sources of the funds for capital investments include: cash on hand, loans or issuing stock.
  • Another source of capital investment is venture capital firm


Capital investment can be defined in two different ways because it is a broad term.

  • Capital investment can be made by individuals, a venture capital group, or a financial institution. The money for the investment can be provided as a loan or a share of the profits in the future. In this definition, the capital means cash
  • Also capital investment can be made by executives of a company. Long-term assets such as equipment are purchased to help the company work more effectively or grow fast. In this aspect, capital means tangible assets.

In both cases, the money for capital investment must come from elsewhere. Capital investment can be bought by a new company from any number of sources which include venture capital firms, angel investors or traditional financial institutions. However, a new company acquire capital investment on a large scale from many investors when it is publicized.

However, an established company might make a capital investment by using its own cash reserve or seek a loan from a bank. They can sell shares or bonds in order to finance capital investment.

It should be noted, that there is no minimum or maximum capital investment. It ranges from less than $100,000 in seed financing for a start-up to hundreds of millions of dollars for massive projects undertaken by companies in capital-intensive sectors such as mining, utilities, and infrastructure.

The aim of capital investment is to benefit a company in the long-term, nevertheless it can have short-term downsides


It should be considered that a decision by a business to make a capital investment is a long-term strategy. Also a company plans and implements capital investments for future growth. Important considerations.

Generally, capital investments are made to increase operational capital, capture a larger share of the market and generate more revenue. Capital investment in the form of an equity stake can be made by a company in another company’s approving operations for the same purpose.


The best option for capital investment is always a company’s own operating cash flow, although that may not be enough to cover the expected costs. Therefore, the company resort to outside financing.

The aim of capital investment is to benefit a company in the long-run, nevertheless it can have short-term downsides.

  • Stakeholders of a public company are not pleased as a result of the in-depth continuous capital investment which reduces earnings growth in the short term
  • Extra stock share that is being issued is often the funding option for public companies and it weakens the value of its outstanding shares. Generally, existing shares detest seeing their stake in the company been reduced.
  • Stockholders and analysts closely watched the total amount of debt a company has on the books.

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