History Of The French League (Ligue 1)

Here, you will learn about The History Of The French League (Ligue 1). You’ll also find more information About The French League (Ligue 1), Establishment Of The French League (Ligue 1), French League (Ligue 1) Format and much more.

About The French League (Ligue 1)

For sponsorship purposes, Ligue 1 Uber Eats is the official name of the French men’s association football teams’ professional league. It is the main football competition in the nation and the top division in the French system. Twenty clubs compete in Ligue 1, which is run by the Ligue de Football Professionnel. Ligue 1 utilizes a promotion and relegation system from and to Ligue 2.

There are seasons from August to May. Over the course of the season, clubs play two games—one at home and one away—against each of the other teams in the league. A few games are played on weeknights, but most games are played on Saturdays and Sundays. The last weekend before Christmas is typically when play is put on hold for two weeks. It then resumes the second week of January. After the English Premier League, Spain’s La Liga, Italy’s Serie A, Germany’s Bundesliga, and Portugal’s Liga Portugal, Ligue 1 is one of the top national leagues and is ranked sixth in Europe as of 2021.

On September 11, 1932, Ligue 1 was introduced under the name National; after a year, the name was changed to Division 1. Up until 2002, when it switched to its current name, it carried on doing business under that moniker. With ten league titles each, Paris Saint-Germain and AS Saint-Étienne are the most successful teams, while Olympique Lyonnais has won the most titles in a row (seven between 2002 and 2008).

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Olympique de Marseille has played in 71 Ligue 1 seasons, which is the most among the top teams. Paris Saint-Germain has played in 47 straight seasons, which is the longest streak in the league (from 1974 to present). In the 1994–95 season, FC Nantes held the record for both the fewest defeats (one match) and the longest straight unbeaten streak (32 games). With 92 games between May 1976 and April 1981, Nantes also holds the record for the longest streak of home victories.

Paris Saint-Germain, who won in the 2021–22 season, are the reigning champions. The league is a cross-border competition due to the presence of AS Monaco, a foreign-based club that has won it on numerous times.

Before the 2023–24 season, Ligue 1 is expected to be reduced to 18 clubs.

The History Of The French League (Ligue 1)


Football professionalism in France did not start until July 1930, when it was approved by the National Council of the French Football Federation by a vote of 128 to 20. Football in France was first played professionally by Georges Bayrou, Emmanuel Gambardella, and Gabriel Hanot. In 1932, professionalism became a formal concept.

The Federation set a cap of 20 clubs for the league in order to successfully establish a professional football league in the nation. Clubs were required to meet three crucial requirements in order to compete:

1. The new club must have a track record of success.

2. The new club must be able to generate enough revenue to maintain financial stability.

3. At least eight professional players must be successfully recruited by the new club.

Numerous clubs, most notably Strasbourg, RC Roubaix, Amiens SC, and Stade Français, disagreed with the subjective criteria, while others, like Rennes, were hesitant to turn professional owing to concerns about bankruptcy and Olympique Lillois, due to a conflict of interest. Henri Jooris, the president of Olympique Lillois and the chairman of the Ligue du Nord, feared that his league would disband and requested that it join the new league’s second tier. Even though it became more challenging to persuade teams in the northern half of the country, numerous clubs eventually achieved professional status. In contrast to Strasbourg, RC Roubaix, and Amiens, Mulhouse, Excelsior AC Roubaix, Metz, and Fives accepted professionalism. Olympique de Marseille, Hyères, SO Montpellier, SC Nîmes, Cannes, Antibes, and Nice are just a few of the clubs in southern France that enthusiastically supported the new league and readily embraced their professional status.

Establishment Of The French League (Ligue 1)

The first season of the National, an all-professional competition, took place in 1932–1933. Antibes, CA Paris, Cannes, Club Français, Excelsior AC Roubaix, Fives, Hyères, Marseille, Metz, Mulhouse, Nice, Nîmes, Olympique Alès, Olympique Lillois, Racing Club de France, Red Star Olympique, Rennes, Sochaux, Sète, and Montpellier were the 20 founding members of National. The bottom three teams in each group, which consisted of all 20 clubs, were sent down to Division 2. The final would be played at a neutral site, which ultimately turned out to be the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, pitting the two group winners against one another.

The first final, which took place on May 14, 1933, between Group B’s Cannes against Group A’s Olympique Lillois champion. The group B champions Antibes were supposed to compete in the championship, but they were disqualified by the French Football Federation due to allegations of bribery. Lillois won the first final 4-3 to become the first champions of the tournament. The league chose to keep the 14 clubs and not promote any teams from the second level after the season. Also, the league agreed to drop the word “National” from its name and stick with “Division 1.” The league established a valid promotion and relegation system for the 1934–35 season, increasing the number of clubs in the top tier to 16 overall. The figure persisted through the 1938–1939 campaign.

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The Ligue de Football Professionnel and the French government both banned professional football due to World War II, however its member clubs continued to compete in local tournaments. Professionalism was outlawed by the Vichy dictatorship during the so-called “war championships,” and clubs were compelled to play in regional leagues known as Zone Sud and Zone Nord. The LFP and FFF do not recognize the championships won by the clubs because of their non-association with the two leagues, hence they see 1939–1945 as not having been. Professional football was played in France once the war was over and the country was free. The number of clubs in the first tier was increased to 18. This number persisted until it was raised to 20 for the 1965–1966 season. The league’s name was changed from Division 1 to Ligue 1 in 2002.

French League (Ligue 1) Format

In Ligue 1, there are 20 clubs. Each club plays the other twice during the course of a season, which typically runs from August to May, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 38 games. However, under certain conditions, a club may be permitted to host games at other locations, as was the case in 2007 and 2008 when Lille hosted Lyon at the Stade de France. Teams score three points when they triumph, and one point when they tie. For a defeat, there are no points given. The order of the teams is determined by their total points, goal differential, and goals scored.

The team with the most points at the end of each season is proclaimed champion. In the event of a tie in points, the winner is decided by goal differential followed by goals scored. Teams are regarded as occupying the same position if they are still equal. A play-off game at a neutral site determines rank if there is a tie for the title, for relegation, or for qualifying to other competitions. Two clubs were supposed to be relegated. And just two teams from Ligue 2 were supposed to be promoted for the 2015–16 season. However this decision was overturned and three teams were sent down and three teams were promoted. As a result, the relegation play-off between the third-placed team in Ligue 2 and the 18th-placed team in Ligue 1 was brought back for the 2016–17 season. The Ligue 2 team hosted the first game.

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The league previously used a distinct promotion and relegation system. The league’s previous structure, which was akin to the Dutch Eredivisie and the German Bundesliga. Involved direct relegation of the bottom two teams and a play-off between the third-last first-division team. And the victor of the second-division play-offs. A “bonus” rule has also been tested by the league.

With the aim of promoting offensive play, a rule from 1973 to 1976 awarded teams scoring three or more goals in a game with one extra point, regardless of the result. In the end, the experience was vain. An Attacking Play Table was implemented by the league at the beginning of the 2006–07 season. In an effort to boost goal scoring in Ligue 1 and Ligue 2. The LFP developed the concept of rewarding the teams with the most goals scored with the assistance of former manager Michel Hidalgo. Similar to the prior concept, the table was separate from the official league standings. And clubs were only given financial bonuses.

At its general assembly in June 2021, the LFP decisively decided to reduce the number of clubs in Ligue 1 from 20 to 18 for the 2023–24 season. By relegating four to Ligue 2 and promoting two from that division after 2022–23.

 European Qualification

The top three teams in Ligue 1 are eligible for the Champions League as of the 2017–18 season. With the top two teams moving directly into the group stage based on the UEFA coefficient. The third qualifying round is where the third-placed team plays. The team in fourth place earns a spot in the UEFA Europa League. The Coupe de France and Coupe de la Ligue. The nation’s two domestic cup events, determine the other two Europa League spots. The fifth and sixth-place teams in Ligue 1 will qualify for the Europa League. In the event that both cup winners advance to Europe based on their league standing.

Clubs In The French League (Ligue 1)

From Ligue 1’s founding in the 1932–33 season through the start of the 2021–22 season, 74 clubs have participated.

  The only original league members still active in Ligue 1 are Marseille, Montpelier, Nice, and Rennes. Only Paris Saint-Germain has avoided being relegated by points. For the 1974–75 season, they were promoted to the top level, and they have remained there ever since. Following its divorce from Paris FC in 1972. Paris Saint-Germain was administratively demoted by the league but was eventually reinstated two seasons later.

Paris Saint-Germain, Olympique Lyonnais, Olympique de Marseille, AS Monaco, Lille OSC, and Girondins de Bordeaux are some of the most well-known Ligue 1 teams abroad.

Key Words

1. About The French League (Ligue 1)

2. History Of The French League (Ligue 1)

3. Establishment Of The French League (Ligue 1)

4. French League (Ligue 1) Format

For more information, visit https://ligue1.com  

Here, you will learn about The History Of The French League (Ligue 1). You’ll also find more information About The French League (Ligue 1), Establishment Of The French League (Ligue 1), French League (Ligue 1) Format and much more.

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