DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ROWS AND COLUMNS, The aim of this post is to provide precise information on the distinguishing features between Rows and Columns. As you read on, you will discover their key differences. 

A lot of people find it difficult to differentiate between rows and columns, as both are used in spreadsheets, matrices, and classroom settings for the purpose of dividing into groups, types, categories, and so on. All of their differences have been explained in detail in this article.

What is a Row?

A row can be said to be a series of data arranged horizontally in a spreadsheet or table. When words, numbers, objects, data, etc. are arranged horizontally, it is called Row. In a Row, data objects are arranged in a straight line face-to-face while lying next to each other.

What is a Column?

A column is a vertical arrangement of data in the form of cells in a chart, table, or spreadsheet. This data can be in the form of facts, words, figures, etc.

The placement of columns follows a continuous sequence one after another. It is important to use lines to separate columns in a table, to enhance readability and attractiveness.

Labelling Of Rows and Columns  

 The labelling of rows using figures (e.g. 1 to 1,048,576) and Columns using alphabets starting with A, is observed in Microsoft Excel and all spreadsheet programs. In column labelling, there is an increment by a letter after the final letter Z. For example, after the letter Z, the next column is AA, AB, AC, …, AZ after which it increments BA, BB, BC, etc. to the last column XFD.

When working with a cell, you combine the row with the column. For example, the very first cell is on row 1 and in column A, so the cell is labeled as A1.



  • A row is a series of data put out horizontally in a spreadsheet or table while a column is a vertical series of cells in a spreadsheet, chart, or table.
  • A stub that is the farthest left part of the table describes the Row while a caption at the topmost of the table describes the column.
  • Rows go across from left to right while Columns are arranged from up to down.
  • In a spreadsheet such as Google sheet, MS Excel WPS, or LibreOffice, the row heading is indicated by numbers whereas column headings are denoted by letters.
  • Rows are known as records that contain fields in DBMS and for columns, they are called fields that contain the collection of characters.
  • A row can be defined as an order in which objects are placed horizontally or alongside while a column can be defined as a vertical division of objects based on category.
  • In a matrix, the horizontal arrays are also called rows while the vertical arrays are called columns.
  • In the database, information like name, names, and gender, are placed in the rows while in the column information about someone is in the rows.
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Here are real-life examples of Rows:

  • The children are standing one after another.
  • A group of people standing in a row at the back of the room.

Here are real-life examples of the Column:

  • Weekly recipe Item
  • Pillar in the front of a building
  • A facade with marble columns

Here are some common uses of row storage:

If you need to touch one Row, row-oriented storage is good for it.

When most columns of a row is needed to be read or written, row-oriented storage is also beneficial.

Reads are done page-wise so not many rows may fit on a page when rows are big. Pages are normally not filled, which leads to reading lots of unused and unwanted areas.

Row storage should be used when recorded headers need to be read too but do not contain actual row data.

What is Row in Excel? 

In MS Excel, rows and columns are in tabular format. The row is arranged horizontally while the Column runs vertically. Each row runs vertically at the left side of the sheet and is identified by row number. For each column, it is identified by the column header, which runs horizontally at the top of the sheet.

What are Rows and Columns in a table? 

In a table, a row is a series of data put out horizontally while a column is a vertical series of cells. Rows go across left to right while Columns are arranged from up to down

How to count multiple rows in Excel 

One has to click the column header. The status bar, in the lower-right corner of your Excel window, will show the row count. To count the columns, click the row selector at the left end of the row. If an entire row or column is selected, Excel counts just the cells that contain data.

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How to differentiate Rows and Columns in Excel? 

In Excel, there is a vast difference between Rows and Columns. Their different properties make up a range, cell, or table together. 

Rows and Columns basically make up MS Excel. The point where rows and columns meet are called cells.  All the worksheets consist of millions of such cells which are used together to record data.  

Basically, the horizontal portion of the worksheet is known as rows. There can be 1048576 of them.  The vertical portion of the worksheet is known as columns and there can be 256 of them in a worksheet.

Excel is mainly used to plot the data based on the requirement as well as manipulate it to obtain a fruitful analysis.

In Excel,

There is a unique number that identifies each row and column has a unique number that identifies it.

A column is a vertical line of cells and each column has a unique letter that identifies it.

The total rows In a worksheet, there is a total of 10,48,576 rows,while the total columns are 16,384.

In the worksheet, Rows range from 1 to 1,048,576, while columns range from A to XFD.

To select an entire specific row in Excel, press Shift + Space bar while to select the entire column, press Ctrl Spacebar.

To hide any row in Excel, select the entire row, press right click and then hide, while to hide any column, select the entire column, press right click and then hide.

The default row height in Excel is 18.75 pt. and 25 pixels, while the default width of the column in Excel is 8.43 pt. and 64 pixels.

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To freeze any row, put the active cell below the row you want to freeze and press Alt+W+F+R. To freeze a column, put the active cell adjacent to the column and press Alt+W+F+C.

What is the limit of Rows in Excel?

The limit is 1,048,576 rows. 

How to find the total number of rows and columns of an Excel using Python

pd_xl_file = pd. ExcelFile(“sample1.xls”)

df = pd_xl_file. parse(“Sheet1”)


dimensions = df. shape.


How to count the number of rows in a CSV file without opening it

For Windows users, if your CSV files are comma (not semicolon) separated, you can get the number of lines like this

  • open a command prompt
  • go to the folder that contains your file
  • type find “,” /c yourfilename

If the CSV file is semicolon-separated, replace the comma with a semicolon in the command above.

For Mac users, you can use wc -l yourfilename.


The important part of any table whether it is a matrix or a spreadsheet as far as it is for the purpose of storing data is Rows and Columns. Both are important geometric arrangements that divide any data set on the basis of attributes.

In a database management system, a row (record or tuple) consists of various data fields while a column consists of an accumulator of a single attribute in the dataset or a single data attribute. In Excel, the intersection of rows and columns is called a cell.

FAQs Difference Between Rows and Columns

Here are some questions that students generally ask on the difference between Rows and Columns:

What is row and column in a table?

Ans. The vertical arrangement of objects is called a column and the horizontal arrangement of an object

How do you find rows and columns?

Ans. To find rows and columns, just check the types of arrangement. If the arrangement is vertical or length-wise it is a column, it is called a row.

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