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The University of Aberdeen, also known as the University o’ ‘Aberdeen and abbreviated as Aberd. in post-nominals, and referred to as Obar Dheathain in Scottish Gaelic, is a notable public research institution located in Aberdeen, Scotland. In Scots, the name of the university is written as the University o’ ‘Aberdeen. It is believed that William Elphinstone, the Bishop of Aberdeen and the Chancellor of Scotland, was the first person to work toward establishing King’s College in 1495. Bishop Elphinstone did so by petitioning Pope Alexander VI for permission to do so at the request of King James IV of Scotland, who wanted to construct King’s College. This august establishment holds the distinction of being the fourth oldest university in Scotland and the fifth oldest university in the English-speaking world. It was founded in the year 1451. During the 18th century, it was a guiding light of the Scottish Enlightenment, serving in that capacity alongside the illustrious universities of St. Andrews, Glasgow, and Edinburgh.
Even though their functions in the university are largely ceremonial in modern times, the institution is made up of three historically notable colleges: King’s College, Marischal College, and Christ’s College. In 1860, King’s College, which had been established in 1495 as a religious institution, and Marischal College, which had been formed in 1593 as the first Protestant college of its kind, merged to form the modern University of Aberdeen. King’s College had been founded as a religious institution. The remarkable architecture of the university, particularly the well-known steeple of King’s College in Old Aberdeen and the well-known Marischal College in the city’s center, serves as a symbol of Aberdeen as a whole.
There are two primary campuses, with the King’s College campus being the more popular option. It is located in the neighborhood of Old Aberdeen and is approximately three kilometers from the heart of the city. With the exception of King’s College Chapel and the Quadrangle, the most of the university’s academic buildings were constructed in the 20th century during an expansion phase. This is despite the fact that the current site of the institution was the initial place of its creation. It is one of the most extensive medical hubs in Europe, and the Foresterhill campus, which is located right next to the Aberdeen Royal Infirmary and is home to the Schools of Medicine and Dentistry as well as the School of Medical Sciences, is considered to be one of the best places to study medicine in all of Europe.
The university reported a revenue of £260.9 million for the fiscal year 2021-22, with £50.8 million coming from research grants and contracts. This was in contrast to the university’s expenditures of £313.4 million for the same year.
The University of Aberdeen has a long and illustrious history of academic achievement and technological advancement. Throughout its history, the university has made substantial contributions to important historical movements, including the Scottish Reformation, the Enlightenment, and the Renaissance. It is proud to have been associated with five Nobel Laureates, whose work has been recognized in the fields of chemistry, physiology or medicine, physics, and peace.
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History of the University of Aberdeen
Aberdeen is home to both King’s College and Marischal College.
Records have been found that point to the existence of an early higher education institution in the historical precincts of Old Aberdeen. This institution, known as a studium generale, was connected to the ecclesiastical chapter of the Aberdeen diocese. This educational institution is rumored to have been founded about the year 1157 by Edward, the Bishop of Aberdeen. It is said to have survived until the founding of King’s College, despite the fact that Hector Boece suggests it may not have fulfilled its primary educational objective as effectively as it had intended to. This is implied by the fact that King James IV appealed to Pope Alexander VI for the establishment of a university in Old Aberdeen. He did so by emphasizing the deeply ingrained ignorance in northern Scotland as well as the severe lack of trained clergy at the time.
On February 10, 1494, the first university in Aberdeen, which was formally named as The University and King’s College of Aberdeen (Collegium Regium Aberdonense), opened its doors to students. This institution was known as King’s College. William Elphinstone, a graduate of the University of Glasgow who later became the Bishop of Aberdeen and Chancellor of Scotland, was the driving force behind the establishment of this institution. His plea on behalf of King James IV for the establishment of a university resulted in the issuance of a papal bull. It would appear that James IV’s proposal was motivated by a desire to bring the total number of universities in England up to the same level as those in Paris and Bologna, both of which were highly regarded at the time. Additionally, James IV wanted to bestow upon this new institution the same rights as those enjoyed by those two renowned institutions. The University of Paris served as an inspiration for the establishment of King’s College, which was once envisioned as a law school. King’s College grew to popularity rather rapidly, which can be largely due to the reputations of Elphinstone and his associate Hector Boece, who served as the college’s inaugural principal from 1500. In order to better serve northern Scotland and the Crown, the institution sought to educate future professionals in the fields of medicine, law, education, and religion. It was a collegiate institution that had a fortified setting and could accommodate a total of 36 full-time students and teachers. Most notably, in the year 1497, it founded the most prestigious chair of medicine in all of the English-speaking world.
It is amazing that the Aberdeen Breviary, written in 1509 by both Elphinstone and Boece, was the first book to ever be printed in Edinburgh and Scotland. At the time, there was not even a printing press in Scotland.
Following the Scottish Reformation in 1560, King’s College expelled its Roman Catholic personnel, but other than that, the institution did not undergo significant changes. George Keith, the fifth Earl Marischal, was a supporter of new pedagogical approaches being implemented within the college. In April of 1593, in the midst of a climate of competitive scholarship, which may have been prompted by the establishment of a college in Fraserburgh by his business rival Sir Alexander Fraser, he founded Marischal College in Aberdeen’s ‘New Town.’ This gave the city the distinct status of having two universities at a time when England only had Oxford and Cambridge.
An artwork from 1661 depicting King’s College demonstrates the historical significance of the institution. In the beginning, Marischal College gave the principal of King’s College a say in its appointment process; however, it was turned down, which stoked an institutional rivalry between the two schools. Marischal College, in contrast to King’s College, was more woven into the fabric of the city, and as a result, students were permitted to live outside of the college grounds. Because of the tensions between the two institutions, there were frequently legal conflicts and even brawls in the streets involving students in Aberdeen. In 1613, Duncan Liddell made a donation to Marischal College, which resulted in the establishment of the institution’s first mathematics chair. However, the university did not hire its first mathematics professor until 1626.
In spite of the acrimonious connection that existed between the two colleges throughout the 17th century, a number of unsuccessful attempts were made to combine the institutions throughout that century. During this time period, both made important contributions to the intellectual development of Scotland, which is known as the Scottish Enlightenment. Both institutions were subject to a purging of its academics and administrators by the authorities in power after the Jacobite insurrection in 1715 and its eventual defeat. This occurred as a direct result of the Jacobite loss.
Combining the two colleges in the year 1860
The Caroline University of Aberdeen, which was established by King Charles I in 1641, was the context in which King’s and Marischal Colleges came the closest to combining into a single institution. This partnership lasted for twenty years, until the upheavals caused by the Wars of the Three Kingdoms led to a more determined push at merger, which was eventually sanctioned by Oliver Cromwell’s Parliament in the year 1654. This unity lasted until the Restoration, during which time Charles II voided legislation that had been passed during the interregnum, which resulted in the colleges regaining their autonomy. Despite this, Charles I is recognized as one of the founders of King’s College as a result of the dedication and compassion he showed toward the institution.
The first meeting of the Aberdeen Philosophical Society, which was also known as the Wise Club, was held at the Old Red Lion Inn on January 12, 1758. Prominent figures such as Thomas Reid and George Campbell were among those who participated in the founding of the organization. It was notable for the fact that only professionals were allowed to join, providing a stark contrast to the more welcoming organizations found in Glasgow and Edinburgh. Up to its dissolution in 1773, the society was an essential component of the Scottish Enlightenment. Over 133 articles were presented at the society, many of which laid the groundwork for subsequent publications. The society was resumed for a short period in 1840 with the purpose of holding academic discussions; however, it was put on indefinite hold in 1939 due to the demands of the war and was never legally abolished.
Christ’s College was established in Aberdeen in 1843 by the Free Church of Scotland in order to educate ministers. It was highlighted by the construction of an ornate Gothic structure in the year 1850. Following the church merger that took place in 1929, Christ’s College transformed into a Church of Scotland college and was subsequently included into the University of Aberdeen, which at the time was composed of three colleges. Christ’s College is now home to a museum as well as a library that contains 17,000 volumes. Christ’s College is still a part of King’s College and has its own theological library, despite the fact that the original structure is not used for church or university functions any longer.
The British Science Association held its inaugural meeting in Aberdeen in 1859, which prompted the construction of the Music Hall to accommodate the approximately 2,500 people who were expected to attend. The event, which was bolstered by the contributions of Professors James Clerk Maxwell and James Nicol and presided over by Prince Albert, was a huge success. It introduced Maxwell’s ground-breaking equation on the velocities of gas molecules, and it set the stage for Charles Darwin’s research on evolution.
It wasn’t until 1860, following the Universities (Scotland) Act of 1858, that a genuine merger occurred. This established a new medical school at Marischal College and ranked the unified university among Scotland’s eldest. Despite the fact that there were multiple efforts at union throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries, it wasn’t until 1860 that a definitive merger occurred. The transfer of art classes from Marischal to King’s prompted the expenditure of £20,000 on an expansion that included the construction of a new library and a quadrangle.
In spite of initial opposition from students, who voted against allowing women to participate in academics in 1873, the institution eventually opened all of its faculties to female students in 1892. The first class of female students graduated in 1898, and by the following year, women made up one-quarter of the faculty. The first class of female students graduated in 1894, and by the following year, women made up one-quarter of the faculty.
How to Apply for University of Aberdeen Admission for International Students
As an international student, submitting an application to the University of Aberdeen can be a process that is both exciting and challenging. This comprehensive guide will assist you in navigating the procedures involved in the application process.
Exploring Your Available Choices
- Course Selection: – Navigate to the Official Website of the University of Aberdeen.
Interested students can peruse the list of courses offered at the undergraduate, graduate, and research levels.
- Think about things like the subject matter, length of the program, and potential job opportunities.
- Entry Requirements: – Each class has its own set of entry requirements, which may include a certain grade point average, a certain level of English language ability, and a certain number of preparatory classes.
- The standards of the UK are usually used as a baseline for evaluating international qualifications.
- Expenses and Financial Aid: Become familiar with the cost of attendance for the program of your choice.
- Investigate whether or not the school you want to attend offers any scholarships, grants, or bursaries for international students.
Getting Ready to Submit Your Application
- Copies of transcripts and certificates from schools attended.
- Results from a test demonstrating a command of the English language (such as the IELTS or the TOEFL).
- Personal references in the form of letters.
- Either a personal statement or a research proposal (when applying to postgraduate research programs).
- A portfolio or samples of your previous work (if appropriate).
- Give some thought to the academic areas that most interest you, your accomplishments, and why you want to apply.
- Highlight experiences and abilities that are relevant to the position.
- Remember to keep it brief, interesting, and genuine.
- Give them information about the program and the reasons you want to apply so that they may personalize their letter.
The Procedure for Making an Application
- How to Apply: – Applications for undergraduate study must be submitted through UCAS, which stands for the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service.
- Applications for postgraduate study are often sent through the university’s online application system directly to the institution being pursued.
- Application Deadlines: Make sure you check the UCAS deadlines for the undergraduate courses you’re interested in.
It’s possible that different postgraduate programs have varying application due dates or offer a rolling admissions policy.
- Submit your application as soon as possible to ensure adequate processing time.
- The Interview Process: – Depending on the course, you may be required to complete an interview in person, over the phone, or through a video conference.
- Get ready by reading over your personal statement and the information on the course.
After the Acknowledgement
- Tracking Your Application: – UCAS Track gives you the ability to track how far along your undergraduate application is.
- Postgraduate students can usually check the status of their application through the application site provided by the university.
- Receiving an Offer: – Conditional offers are based on meeting specific requirements, such as final grades or English language tests. Conditional offers are based on completing certain prerequisites.
- Unconditional offers indicate that you have satisfied all of the requirements, and your spot has been reserved as a result.
- Accepting the Offer: Respond to the offer using UCAS Track for undergraduates or through the university’s system for postgraduates, depending on which is applicable to your situation.
- In order to reserve your spot, please make any necessary deposits.
Getting Ready for Our Arrival
- When Applying for a Student Visa: It is very possible that you will be required to have a Tier 4 (General) student visa.
- Obtain all of the required papers, such as evidence of sufficient financial resources, a Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies (CAS) letter from the university, and details from your passport.
- Submit your application within the allotted amount of time, as specified by the UK visa authorities.
- Steps to Take When Planning Your apartments Look into the housing possibilities provided by the institution or search for private apartments.
- Submit your application for university housing as soon as you can.
- Making Travel Arrangements: When booking flights, make sure to take the beginning date of your class and any orientation sessions into consideration.
Take into consideration getting both health insurance and travel insurance.
Arrival and Establishment of Residence
- Orientation and Induction: – You are required to attend orientation workshops in order to become familiar with the university’s services and facilities. – You will also be inducted into the organization. These classes are also a wonderful opportunity to meet other students and become acclimated to the new environment.
When registering for classes, please note the following:
- Complete your class schedule, then sign up for the classes you need.
- Ensure that you take into consideration the equilibrium of the various modules.
- Opening a Bank Account in the United Kingdom: Having a local bank account will make it simpler to carry out monetary activities.
- Some financial institutions provide overseas students a specialized type of bank account.
- Getting Registered with a General Practitioner (GP): In order to receive medical care, you need to get registered with a General Practitioner (GP).
- The institution is able to supply information about the available medical facilities in the area.
International Office: – The international office of the university is able to give continuing support with visas, accommodations, and other changes. – They are also able to provide guidance regarding working while pursuing your education as well as other regulations.
Academic Support Tip
Make use of available resources, such as the university library, writing centers, and tutors.
Attending seminars and workshops that help build academic talents is something you should do.
Cultural Integration: – Joining societies and clubs is a great way to meet new people and become more involved in the community of the university.
If you want to enhance your English and learn about the traditions of the area you should participate in cultural exchange programs or find language partners.
Career Services: – The career services offered by the university can be of assistance.
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