What Is Halving?

In this post, you’d learn about bitcoin halving, halving implications and effects and lots more on Bitcoin halving.

A halvening (or halving) is a depreciating occurrence in the blockchain world in which block subsidies or incentives for verifying transactions are halved. It is crucial in that it slows the pace at which supply enters circulation at each moment. Hence increasing shortage by introducing relatively fewer coins/tokens into circulation.

These occurrences are pre-programmed and announced in advance.

Bitcoin incentives, for example, are structured to decline nearly every four years. Block rewards are now 6.25 Bitcoins every block (900 Bitcoins daily), down from 12.5 Bitcoins (1800 Bitcoins) in 2Q20. The incentives will keep falling in this manner every four years until roughly 2140, when the last Bitcoin is mined.

Halvenings also have the advantage of increasing the predictability of the emission plan. Since the circulation time can be approximated at any juncture. This enables precise estimation of token value. It is a design element of virtually all non-premined cryptocurrencies that staking or mining rewards diminish with time. Newer initiatives are frequently intended to put just the bare minimum feasible supply into existence at official opening in order to maximize their initial worth.

Bitcoin’s 2020 halving was the third in the cryptocurrency’s history, after cutbacks in mining in 2016 and 2012. Each halving was swiftly followed by a significant price rise as a result of greater scarcity and a tightening of supply by miners. Several more major halvings have occurred, including those of the coins; Bitcoin Cash and Litecoin.

The next Bitcoin halvening is set for March 2024, when mining incentives will be reduced to only 3.125 Bitcoin per block.

Halving Bitcoins

Halving is a critical event on the Bitcoin blockchain. It cause rising prices in the pricing of the crypto by limiting the supply of bitcoin and raising need for it. The halving of Bitcoin has ramifications for all stakeholders in the Bitcoin ecosystem.

Points to Note

  • A Bitcoin halving event occurs when the incentive for mining Bitcoin operations is halved.
  • Additionally, this occurrence decreases Bitcoin’s inflation costs in half and the pace at which new bitcoins enter existence in half.
  • Preceding halvings have been associated with ferocious peak and crash cycles that concluded with prices higher than they were prior to the occurrence.
  • Bitcoin was last halved on May 11, 2020, at about 3 p.m. EST, culminating in a 6.25 BTC block reward.

Bitcoin Community

To comprehend what a Bitcoin halving is, it’s essential to know how the Bitcoin network works.

Bitcoin’s core technology, blockchain, is essentially a network of computers (or nodes). It runs the Bitcoin software and maintain a partly or fully history of operations that transpire on its network. Each full node, or node that has the whole record of Bitcoin transactions, is in charge of supporting or opposing a transaction in the Bitcoin network. To do this, the node performs a number of validation tests to guarantee the transaction is legitimate. These include making sure that the operation includes the necessary verification variables, such as nonces, and is not longer than the specified length.

Each transaction is reviewed independently. It is stated to take place only when all transactions included inside a block have been authorized. The transaction is then added to the current blockchain and disseminated to all other nodes.

The addition of additional computers (or nodes) to the blockchain increases its safety and stability. At the moment, it is projected that 14,616 nodes are running Bitcoin’s code.

While anybody may join Bitcoin’s network as a node, as long as they have adequate room to acquire the complete blockchain and its record of transactions, not all of them are miners.

Mining Bitcoins

Bitcoin mining is the method through which individuals utilize their devices to operate as a transaction generator and validator on the Bitcoin blockchain network. Bitcoin is based on a concept known as proof of work (PoW). This implies that miners must demonstrate effort in processing transactions in order to be paid. This endeavor is comprised of the time and energy required to operate the hardware devices and analyze difficult equations.

The phrase mining is not used literally, but refers to the process through which valuable metals are obtained. Bitcoin miners are responsible for resolving mathematical problems and determining the validity of a transaction. They then group these transactions into blocks and link them together to build the blockchain. When a block becomes full of transactions, the miners that processed and verified them are compensated with bitcoins. Higher monetary value transactions need more approvals to assure their security.

El Salvador legalized Bitcoin on June 9, 2021. This is the first time a nation has done so. The cryptocurrency may be used for any transaction that is accepted by the company. El Salvador’s major currency is the US dollar.

Bitcoin Splitting in Half

Approximately every 4 years, or every 210,000 blocks produced, the block reward provided to Bitcoin miners for processing transactions is halved. This occurrence is known as halving since it halves the pace at which new bitcoins are introduced to circulation. This is how Bitcoin enforces artificial price increases until all bitcoins are distributed.

This awards system will run until about the year 2140, when the anticipated cap of 21 million users will be achieved. At that time, miners will be compensated with transaction fees, which will be paid by network users. These fees guarantee that miners continue to have a motivation to mine and that the network continues to function.

The halving event is noteworthy because it signifies a further decline in the pace at which new Bitcoins are created when the overall maximum supply of bitcoins reaches 21 million. As of October 2021, there are around 18.85 million bitcoins in circulation, leaving only 2.15 million to be distributed through mining awards.

In 2009, the compensation for each chain block mined was fifty bitcoins. After the first halving, there were 25, then 12.5, and as of May 11, 2020, 6.25 bitcoins per block. Suppose if, every 4 years, the quantity of gold extracted from the earth was halved. If the worth of gold is determined by its shortage, then a “halving” of gold production every 4 years would potentially increase its price.

Consequences of Halving

Halvings decrease the pace at which new coins are minted, hence reducing the supply of new coins even while demand rises. This has repercussions for investors, since other assets having a limited or finite supply, such as gold, may experience significant demand and price inflation.

Previously, these Bitcoin halvings have been associated with huge price increases. On the anniversary of the first halving, which happened on November 28, 2012, the price rose from $12 to $1,217. The second halving of Bitcoin happened on July 9, 2016. The value at the time of the halving was $647, and by December 17, 2017, it had risen to $19,800. From this apex, the price dropped over the period of a year to $3,276 on December 17, 2018, which was 506 percent more than its pre-halving value.

The last halving took place on May 11, 2020. On that day, the price of a bitcoin was $8,787. On April 14, 2021, the price of a bitcoin skyrocketed to $64,507. (an astonishing 634 percent increase from its pre-halving price). On May 11, 2021, a couple of weeks later, the worth of a bitcoin was $54,276, a 517 percent gain that looks more compatible with the characteristics of the 2016 halving.

Reducing by Half and The Results

The notion of the halving and the chain reaction it causes is roughly as follows:

The mining incentive is halved –> inflation is halved –> Supply is reduced –> Demand is increased –> Higher Price. Despite the reduced incentives, miners continue to be motivated because the activity(mining process) raises the worth of Bitcoin.

If a halving does not raise demand and price, then there would be little motivation for miners. The incentive for conducting transactions would be diminished, and Bitcoin ‘s worth would be insufficient.

In order to avoid this, Bitcoin offers a method for adjusting the mining payment complexity, or the challenges of mining an operation. In the case that the incentive has been halved and the worth of Bitcoin has not improved, the mining complexity would be decreased to maintain the incentive for miners. This indicates that the number of bitcoins delivered as a compensation is still decreasing, while the complexity of executing a transaction is decreasing.

This procedure has twice been effective. So far, the effect of these halvings has brought a rise in prices accompanied by a substantial decrease. Nevertheless, the collapses that accompanied these increases have kept prices for more than they were before to these halving episodes.

As previously indicated, the 2017 to 2018 bubble caused the price of a bitcoin to climb to about $20,000 before falling to approximately $3,200. Prior to the halving, the price of a single bitcoin was approximately $650.

Even though this approach has thrived so far, the halving is often accompanied by extreme speculation, hysteria, and volatility, and the future market reaction to these events is uncertain.

Not only did the third halving happen during a worldwide epidemic, but it also happened in a context of increased regulatory uncertainty, greater institutional investment in digital assets, and celebrity hysteria. Given these extra influences, it is uncertain where Bitcoin’s price will stabilize in the wake.

How does the halving of Bitcoin affect the Bitcoin network?

Since the Bitcoin halving is a significant event, it has a significant impact on the many parties involved in the Bitcoin community. Here is a summary of how Bitcoin’s halving impacts the network’s primary stakeholders and discussion topics.

Investors: As a consequence of lower supply and soaring demand, halving typically leads in increasing costs for the coin, which is positive news for investors. Increased trading volume on Bitcoin blockchain in preparation of the halving.

As previously proven, the rate of pricing rises varies dependent on the logistics and circumstances of each price halving.

The impact of mining on the Bitcoin network is complex. On one extreme, a declining supply of bitcoin raises demand and prices. Smaller payouts may also make it tough for solo miners and small mining operations to thrive in the Bitcoin ecosystem, since they may struggle to contend with existing mining operations. According to studies, the mining capability of Bitcoin is inversely proportional to its price. Therefore, when the price of a cryptocurrency rises, the population of miners in its system falls, and vice versa. A halving event is distinguished by a spike in price and may raise the likelihood of a 51 percent assault on Bitcoin’s network when miners leave the network, so reducing its security.

What Happens When the Bitcoin Supply Halves?

The phrase “halving” in relation to Bitcoin refers to the number of Bitcoin tokens in a freshly produced block. When Bitcoin was introduced in 2009, each block held 50 BTC, but this number was slated to decrease by 50 percent approximately every four years. There have been three halving occurrences today, and blocks currently contain just 6.25 BTC. When the next halving takes place, a block will contain 3.125 bitcoins.

When Did the Divides Take Place?

On November 28, 2012, when a total of 10,500,000 Bitcoins had been mined, the first Bitcoin halving took place. The subsequent happened on July 9, 2016, and the most recent happened on May 11, 2020. The next is anticipated to occur in the start of 2024.

Why Do Halvings Happen Less Frequently Than Once Every Four Years?

The Bitcoin mining system is designed to discover new blocks every 10 minutes. Nonetheless, if additional miners connect and contribute more hashing power, the time required to locate blocks will reduce. This is addressed by adjusting the mining difficulty once every 2 weeks or so to reestablish a 10-minute objective. Over the last decade, although the Bitcoin network has expanded enormously, the average duration to discover a block has constantly stayed under 10 minutes (roughly 9.5 minutes).

Does Halving Have Any Impact on Bitcoin’s Worth?

Since its inception in 2009, when it exchanged for only cents or dollars, bitcoin’s price has consistently and considerably increased. In April 2021, the value of one bitcoin was over $63,000.

Due to the fact that half the block reward virtually doubles the price to miners, who are basically creators of bitcoins, this should have a beneficial influence on the price, as manufacturers will have to change their selling prices to account for the increase in their expenses. There is verifiable research that valuations tend to increase in expectation of a halving, often many months before the occurrence.

What Happens When a Block Contains No More Bitcoins?

In 2140, the remainder of the 21 million bitcoins that could ever be mined will be mined. At this moment, the halving plan will halt since no more Bitcoins will be created. Nevertheless, miners will still be encouraged to keep confirming and verifying fresh operations on the blockchain. Since the valuation of transaction cost awarded to miners is predicted to increase in the long term. This is due to an increase in the trading activity with linked fees and the nominal selling price of bitcoins.

How to trade the bitcoin halving in 2022

There are two strategies to market the 2020 bitcoin halving. Employing derivatives such as CFDs, you may guess on the value of a crypto. Or you can purchase the coins directly via a trades.

The fact that you do not acquire control of the inherent coins is one of the primary advantages of exchanging crypto using derivatives such as CFDs. Consequently, you can:

• Invest without a wallet or exchange account: with IG, you may be set to transact in minutes. Kindly remember that if you trade without an exchange account or wallet, you do not own the underlying stock and have no stake in it.

• Take a limit order on bitcoin, depending on if you predict its value to climb or decline.

• Make use of leverage: you may acquire access to a considerably greater trading activity by opening a trade with a margin deposit.

Leverage permits you to get substantial exposure to securities institutions while locking up just a tiny portion of your resources. Thus, leverage multiplies both the potential for earnings and losses.

When was the last time bitcoin was halved?

The recent decrease in Bitcoin rewards occurred on July 9, 2016, at the time of the second halving, when the block reward decreased from 25 new bitcoin per block to 12.5 bitcoin. The price of Bitcoin increased from $576 on June 9, 2016 (one month before the halving) to $650 at the time of the event.

Despite the substantial fluctuation, prices continued to grow throughout the course of the next year, reaching $2526 on July 9, 2017 — one year later.

A similar trend arose following the initial halving of the Bitcoin block reward on 28 November 2012, when it decreased from 50 to 25 new bitcoins. Prices rose from $11 a month before to the halving to $12 on the day of the event and continued to grow during the next year, reaching $1038 on November 28, 2013.

How may the halving of bitcoin affect the price of BTC?

It is still unclear how the upcoming halving will affect the price of bitcoin. Numerous observers anticipate that the pricing will follow the usual trend of the earlier two halvings. Climbing before the event as a result of increased news attention and falling as a result of the event’s effect on the supply of new coins.

Nonetheless, any price increase will rely on how demand for bitcoins evolves throughout the halving. Consumption is by no circumstances guaranteed to rise – or even stay stable – as the system has greatly developed since the previous halving in 2016 and there are now a multitude of rival cryptocurrencies.

How does the halving of bitcoin work?

A bitcoin halving is possible due to the blockchain software underpinning the network, which governs the pace at which new bitcoins are produced. The program compels network computers to validate transactions – a process known as “mining” – and pays them with a number of new bitcoins if they can confirm that the transactions they have chosen are authentic. Transactions are validated in groups known as ‘blocks,’ and every 210,000 blocks, the network is programmed to half the reward obtained by miners.

Why does the Bitcoin supply halve?

Bitcoin is halved because of the nature of its software, which was devised by an unknown individual or group under the assumed pseudonym “Satoshi Nakamoto.” While Satoshi has not directly stated the rationale for halvings. It is widely believed that the system was meant to issue coins more rapidly at the onset. This is to encourage individuals to join the community and mine new blocks. According to this hypothesis, block rewards were designed to half at periodic times. Since it was believed that the worth of each coin awarded would grow as the network grew.

One critique of bitcoin’s architecture, which includes halvings and a limited quantity of 21 million coins, is that it drives users to save instead of transact in the expectation that the currencies’ value would rise over time. This may have contributed to growth cycles in the old days, as people accumulated coins only to sell them at important levels. For equivalent considerations, some have also linked bitcoin to a pyramid (Ponzi) scheme. Alleging that the system’s architecture has unfairly rewarded early adopters.

Frequently Asked Questions


What are my options for trading the bitcoin halving?

The simplest approach to exchange bitcoin during the halving is to use derivatives like contracts for difference (CFDs). This allows you to bet on bitcoin price swings without owning the underlying coins. Alternatively, you may purchase bitcoins directly from an exchange. If you go with this route, you’ll need to open an exchange account and be responsible for keeping your bitcoin tokens safe in a wallet. Any gains would be subject to regular taxation as well.

Is it possible for me to profit from the BTC halving?

Yes, it will be able to profit from the BTC halving by betting on the price of bitcoin in the weeks and months leading up to the final. Since they allow you to go big or small, contracts for difference are a popular tool to speculate on bitcoin price changes.

It’s crucial to note, though, that all kinds of trading include risk. While there may be profit chances, you should never attempt more than you can stand to lose. With IG, you’ll get guaranteed stops, which ensure that your trades are always closed at the specific level you designate. Guaranteeing that you know exactly how much you’re risking on each transaction. If a guaranteed stop is triggered, a little premium is paid.

How much will BTC cost after the halving?

Many people believe bitcoin’s price will soar in the weeks leading up to and after the event. This is partly due to the fact that the halving is intended to stimulate interest in bitcoin. But it is also due to the fact that it will restrict the amount of new coins entering circulation. Any price increase, though, will be contingent on how demand for bitcoin evolves over the length of the halving. This is by no means a guarantee that it will rise. Or even stay constant as it has in the old days.

When you exchange bitcoin with IG, you’ll be speculating on its price using CFDs. That implies you may trade whether you think the price will climb or decrease.

How can I lower my bitcoin trading risks?

You can mitigate some of the risks connected with bitcoin trading by using CFDs to speculate on the cryptocurrency’s price. Both are derivatives, which allow you to profit from bitcoin’s market volatility without having to own the underlying coins, avoiding the risks that come with an exchange account or wallet.

You may also employ guaranteed stops with IG, which will always terminate your trade at the precise level you select. Even if the base market has liquidity issues, guaranteed stops will limit your losses in the case of negative price movements. If a guaranteed stop is activated, a little fee is determined.

In conclusion

The halving of bitcoins causes artificial inflationary pressures in the cryptocurrency’s ecosystem. Hence reducing the pace at which new bitcoins are issued into existence by half. The incentives scheme is intended to last until 2140, when bitcoin’s specified maximum of 21 million is achieved. Miners will be paid fees to perform transactions after then.

The compensation for each block produced on the chain was 50 bitcoins in 2009. After the initial halving, it was 25, then 12.5, and on May 11, 2020, it was 6.25 bitcoins per block. The halving of Bitcoin has significant ramifications for the network. In the days running up to and after the halves, investors should anticipate a price increase. Solo miners and small companies may opt out of the mining environment. Or be taken over by bigger entities, resulting in a concentration of rankings for miners.

Lastly here is a list of more related topics you might find interesting:
  1. Blockchain Technology
  2. Defi
  3. NFTs
  4. DAOs
  5. Crypto
  6. Web 3.0
  7. Altcoin Tokenomics
  8. Metaverse
  9. Smart Contracts

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